August 11, 2021

OrbitX’s quest for a stricter waste management for National Capital Region

For more than two months now, OrbitX has been helping Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) find ways on how to improve waste management in the National Capital Region (NCR), Philippines. The company initially proposed a plan and technology last July 1, 2021 in front of the Waste Management Office (MMDA-WMO). After receiving valuable feedbacks, OrbitX team decided to conduct a simple survey composed of one hundred and twenty-five (125) respondents (in random) who voluntarily agreed to participate.

The survey has 21 questions which 20 of those are required to be answered. OrbitX asked for some basic information — educational attainment (44.8% are college graduates, 24% are students, 18.4% are undergraduates, 9.6% took Technical Vocation courses and 3.2% has post-graduate studies), gender, age and place of residence. 64.8% of the respondents are male while the remaining are female. There are no representatives from the LGBTQ+ community and non-binary. The interviewees came from the following cities:

  • 26.4% — Quezon City
  • 13.6% — Manila
  • 8.8% — Caloocan
  • 8.8% — Pasig
  • 7.2% — Las Pinas
  • 6.4% — Valenzuela
  • 6.4% — Taguig
  • 4.8% — Pasay
  • 4.8% — Marikina
  • 4% — Paranaque
  • 3.2% — Makati
  • 2.4% — Mandaluyong
  • 1.6% — San Juan
  • 0.8% — Navotas
  • 0.8% — Malabon

There are no respondents from Pateros and Muntinlupa City.

The survey then asked the respondents how often they throw their trash which resulted to the following:

  • 26.4%: Everyday
  • 24.8%: Twice a week
  • 21.6%: Once a week
  • 18.4%: Three times a week
  • 4.8%: Four times a week
  • 4%: Five times a week

This can be interpreted in a way that people have different lifestyles/habits and Local Government Units also have different schedules which is obvious based on the next dataset:

  • 27.2% said that their respective barangays do collect waste twice a week;
  • 26.4% of the respondents’ barangays have daily collection;
  • 20% said that their garbage are collected three times a week;
  • 20% said that their barangays do waste disposal only once every week;
  • 3.2% said that collection is five times a week;
  • 2.4% said six times every week; and
  • 0.8% said that collection in barangay is four times a week.

The survey asked the respondents if they are familiar with the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of the Philippines (Republic Act 9003) and surprisingly, only 48.8% of them said that they know the said law while 30.4% just heard it and the remaining 20.8% are totally clueless. On the brighter side, according to 60.8%, they always segregate their wastes; 29.6% do segregation sometimes; and 9.6% are not segregating at all.

When asked if there is a strict waste segregation policy in their localities, 51.2% of them said “Yes” while the remaining percentage responded “No”. This is a contrast of communities and how they comply with proper waste management. A huge portion of the respondents (99.2%) said that they will follow if there will be a strict waste segregation regulation for the entire Metro Manila. 68% agreed that they are in favor for a unified waste collection for the entire region; 20% do not want it; and 12% are undecided.

OrbitX solicited the opinion of the participants if they will accept a regional minimum waste collection fee — 65% said “Yes”, 18.4% are “Undecided” and the remaining do not like the idea at all. 90.4% of the pollees will follow a color coded collection; 8.8% are undecided; and only 1 will not follow. 72.8% of the interviewees will obey a color coded waste collection system if the containers will come from their local government units, 10.4% of them do not buy the idea and the remaining are undecided.

Surprisingly, majority of the surveyees (84.8%) do like the concept of having a tracking and monitoring system for the wastes of every household in the metro. If ever a new garbage collection system will be implemented, 61.6% of the participants are willing to pay 19 to 24 Philippine pesos every week for a color coded waste collection bins/containers that will be equipped with a monitoring system.

OrbitX asked the pollees about their suggestions on how the waste management problem in the NCR can be solved and these are some of the responses:

“Tamang disiplina.”


“Mas mabuting naka segregate ang basura. At maglagay ng mga basuraan na mai sesegregate sa bawat kanto upang hindi tinatambak ng ibang residente kung saan saan ang kanilang basura pag di dumadaan ang truck.”

“Strict implementation of waste segregation para sumunod agad dahil hindi siniseryoso ng mga tao dahil mababa ang parusa or wala.”

“Maipatupad ang mahigpit na pag monitor sa mga magtatapon ng basura.”